The Secure Base Model (psychodynamic, attachment)
Our therapeutic approach is framed by the Secure Base model (Schofield & Beek, 2014), promoting positive attachment and resilience, which serves well those children and young people coming into our services, who may have experienced backgrounds of abuse, neglect, separation and loss, social and cognitive challenges in learning – and require specialist caregiving.
The Ryes has been supported by Gillian Schofield (University of East Anglia) in enabling us to develop our working practices that fully encompasses the Secure Base model and all of our staff are trained in understanding the significance of attachment theory.
The Secure Base model uses five core dimensions of caregiving: Availability, sensitivity, acceptance, co-operation and family membership and central to working within the model is opportunity for reflection of the caregiving Cycle in practice through self-reflexivity and understanding the dynamics that take place between staff (caregiver) and child/young person’s
Planning Live (systemic, humanistic)
Planning Live, as the name suggests, takes place in the here-and-now with up to date knowledge and accounts being brought to the table, rather than solely depend upon a person’s history. Planning Live is a systemic approach that calls upon the resourcefulness, expertise and knowledge from a multi-perspective lens to gather information which serves to aid formulation of person-centred ‘aims and goals’, and risk and care treatment plans, which are evidence-based upon both the past and present. The story of an individual’s past is freed, as new and forgotten stories become revealed about strengths and resilience – both of the YP and within the supporting system. These provide the foundations to progress change in unhelpful patterns and to create a new blue print, a new life narrative. The process enables us to identify ‘what is working well’ and ‘what is not working well’ and to examine and understand the meaning to behaviour as communication, and therapeutic strategies are formulated to promote a secure base from which the YP can recover from previous harmful experiences in close relationships, and develop resilience associated with a sense of security, self-esteem and self-efficacy. A reviewing process allows strategies to be modified and evidences change and enables ‘aims and goals’ to evolve over time; historical facts no longer remain static; and the process realises potential and/or acknowledges unrealistic expectations in a YP centred way.
Positive Behaviour Support Model (Humanistic, behavioural theory)
PBS is the preferred approach when working with people with learning disabilities who exhibit behaviours described as challenging (British Institute of Learning Disabilities, BILD).
PBS is at the heart of the Department of Health policy document ‘Positive and Proactive Care’ published in April 2014 and is centred around understanding the behaviour of an individual through assessment and analysis of the social and physical environment in which behaviour happens, and includes the views of the individual and everyone involved, and uses this understanding to develop support that improves the quality of life for the young person and others who are involved with them.